ABOUT THIS COLLECTION

Meteoritics & Planetary Science is an international monthly journal of the Meteoritical Society—a scholarly organization promoting research and education in planetary science. Topics include the origin and history of the solar system, planets and natural satellites, interplanetary dust and interstellar medium, lunar samples, meteors and meteorites, asteroids, comets, craters, and tektites.

Meteoritics & Planetary Science was first published in 1935 under the title Contributions of the Society for Research on Meteorites. In 1947, the publication became known as Contributions of the Meteoritical Society and continued through 1951. From 1953 to 1995, the publication was known as Meteoritics, and in 1996, the journal's name was changed to Meteoritics & Planetary Science or MAPS. The journal was not published in 1952 and from 1957 to 1964.

This archive provides access to Meteoritics & Planetary Science Volumes 37-44 (2002-2009).

Visit Wiley Online Library for new and retrospective Meteoritics & Planetary Science content (1935-present).

ISSN: 1086-9379

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Recent Submissions

  • Subject Index

    The Meteoritical Society, 2004-01-01
  • Author Index

    The Meteoritical Society, 2004-01-01
  • Oral histories in meteorites and planetary science: XIII. Fred L. Whipple

    Marvin, U. B. (The Meteoritical Society, 2004-01-01)
    Born in Red Oak, Iowa, in 1906, Fred Lawrence Whipple earned his Ph.D. in astronomy at the University of California at Berkeley in 1931. He immediately accepted a position at the Harvard College Observatory and remained at Harvard throughout his career. In 1950, he was appointed to the Phillips Professorship in the Department of Astronomy, and in 1955, he began serving concurrently as the Director of the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory when it moved from Washington, D.C. to Cambridge, Massachusetts. In the 1930s, Whipple established the Harvard Meteor Project in which two cameras, 26 miles apart, simultaneously photographed the same meteors, for which he invariably derived elliptical orbits indicative of their origin within the solar system. In 1950, Whipple introduced his dirty snowball model of comet nuclei, which soon became widely accepted and was fully confirmed in 1986 by close-up images of comet Halley taken by the European Space Agencys Giotto spacecraft. Keenly anticipating the orbiting of satellites during the International Geophysical Year (July 1, 1957-December 31, 1958), Whipple won contracts to build a worldwide network of telescopic cameras for satellite tracking. At least one of the cameras was ready in time to photograph the Soviet Unions Sputnik I satellite in October 1957, and all 12 stations were in operation by midsummer of 1958. For his leadership role in this project, President John Kennedy honored Fred L. Whipple in June 1963 with the Presidents Award for Distinguished Public Service. In the 1960s, Whipple collaborated with astronomers at the University of Arizona to build a new observatory on Mt. Hopkins, 40 miles south of Tucson. Two of the most innovative instruments installed there for astrophysical research were the worlds largest gamma-ray detector and the Multiple-Mirror Telescope. In 1982, the Mt. Hopkins Observatory was rededicated as the Fred Lawrence Whipple Observatory. Although he retired in 1973, Whipple was present at the dedication and until 2003, he continued to actively participate in research projects. At present, he is anticipating the return of the Stardust mission to comet Wild 2, which will bring back to Earth samples of the comet and of interstellar dust. It is scheduled to arrive in 2006, the year of Fred Whipples 100th birthday. Among his many honors, Fred Whipple received the Leonard Medal from the Meteoritical Society in 1970 at its meeting hosted by the Goddard Space Flight Center, in Skyland, Virginia.
  • Oral histories in meteorites and planetary science: XII. Gerald J. Wasserburg

    Marvin, U. B. (The Meteoritical Society, 2004-01-01)
    In this interview, Gerald J. (Jerry) Wasserburg recounts how he entered the Geology Department at the University of Chicago in 1948 but switched to a major in physics, while maintaining links with geology, particularly geochemistry. He earned his Ph.D. in 1954 with a thesis on the new technique of potassium-argon dating under Harold degrees C. Urey and Mark Inghram. After spending a year at Chicago as a post-doctoral research fellow with Urey, he joined the faculty at the California Institute of Technology where he ultimately advanced to the title of John D. MacArthur Professor of Geology and Geophysics. In the early 1960s, Wasserburg sought to achieve unprecedented sensitivity and precision in isotopic measurements by designing and directing the construction of the first digital output with magnet switching and on-line processing computercontrolled mass spectrometer. He promptly named his unique instrument, Lunatic I, and his laboratory, the Lunatic Asylum. Using that instrument and later ones, Wasserburg and his research group identified specific nucleosynthetic processes that produced isotopic anomalies in inclusions found in meteorites; investigated the origin and evolution of planetary bodies from the solar nebula; dated the oldest components in meteorites and in terrestrial and lunar rocks; and studied the oxygen in presolar grains and the astrophysical models of AGB stars. In addition to his labors in science, he served on policy-making committees and worked with other members to seek the highest standards for receiving and processing lunar samples and other planetary materials, and to forestall the elimination of the final three Apollo missions. Wasserburg has received many honors, including several honorary doctorates from universities at home and abroad, and the prestigious Crafoord Prize bestowed on him in 1986 by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. In 1975, the Meteoritical Society awarded him its Leonard Medal and in 1987-1988, he served as President of the Society.
  • The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 88, 2004 July

    Russell, Sara S.; Folco, Luigi; Grady, Monica M.; Zolensky, Michael E.; Jones, Rhian; Righter, Kevin; Zipfel, Jutta; Grossman, Jeffrey N. (The Meteoritical Society, 2004-01-01)
    The Meteoritical Bulletin No. 88 lists information for 1610 newly classified meteorites, comprising 753 from Antarctica, 302 from Africa, 505 from Asia (495 of which are from Oman), 40 from North America, 5 from South America, 4 from Europe, and 1 of unknown origin. Information is provided for 9 falls (Alby sur Chran, Al Zarnkh, Devgaon, Kamioka, Kendrapara, Maromandia, New Orleans, Sivas, and Villalbeto de la Peña). Noteworthy specimens include a eucrite fall (Alby sur Chéran), 6 martian meteorites, 13 lunar meteorites, and 12 irons including one weighing 3 metric tons (Dronino).
  • The meteorite collection at Museo di Storia Naturale, Pisa University, Italy

    Perchiazzi, N.; D'Orazio, Massimo; Folco, Luigi (The Meteoritical Society, 2004-01-01)
    The historical meteorite collection of Museo di Storia Naturale, Pisa University, is presented in this catalog. Dating back to at least 1860, the collection currently (as of June 2003) contains 30 specimens of 26 individual meteorites, representing about 50 kg of extraterrestrial material. The collection includes 2 carbonaceous chondrites, 12 ordinary chondrites, 1 achondrite, 4 stony-iron meteorites, and 7 iron meteorites, including three remarkable specimens: the main mass of Bagnone (48 kg), the fourth largest mass of Quenggouk (717.5 g), and a large (nearly) complete individual of the Siena showerfall (318.8 g).
  • Unusual large chromite crystals in the Saint Aubin iron meteorite

    Fehr, K. T.; Carion, A. (The Meteoritical Society, 2004-01-01)
    In the Saint Aubin octahedrite, chromite crystals of up to 3 cm occur enclosed in the metal phase. They are twinned along [111] according to the spinel law and display pseudohexagonal shapes in cross-sections. The crystals are homogeneous and exhibit compositions close to pure chromite endmember. Vanadium is the only additional element observed in appreciable amounts of up to 0.73 wt%. Chromite in the Saint Aubin meteorite crystallized from liquids with very low amounts of Cr and O close to the Fe-FeS join as indicated by its composition and phase relations. The growth of large chromite crystals implies stable supersaturated conditions for a long period in the meteorite parent body of Saint Aubin.
  • Beni M'hira: A new chondrite (L6) meteorite fall from Tunisia

    Ouazaa, N. L. (The Meteoritical Society, 2004-01-01)
    The Beni M'hira meteorite fell on January 8, 2001 in southeastern Tunisia. This is only the fifth observed fall from Tunisia. On the basis of mineralogical, petrographic, and geochemical data, the stone can be classified as an L6 chondrite of shock stage S5.
  • Artifacts in Polish collections made of meteoritic iron

    Kotowiecki, A. (The Meteoritical Society, 2004-01-01)
    Only several artifacts made of meteoritic iron have been found throughout the world. The number of these artifacts is still overstated and has never been verified because museums do not allow specialists to test these objects. Until now, a few objects made of meteoritic iron were discovered in Poland. An axe from Wietrzno-Bobrka and bracelets from Czȩstochowa-Raków are listed as Polish meteorites--the latter ones as Czȩstochowa-Raków I and Czȩstochowa-Raków II. In my opinion, a special meteoritic category should be created for artifacts made of meteorites: meteoritic antiques or manmade artifacts of meteorites and tektite glass. Within such a category, further categorization could be made, based on the material a given meteorite is made of.
  • Barbianello: An ungrouped nickel-rich iron meteorite found in Italy

    Fehr, K. T.; Carion, A. (The Meteoritical Society, 2004-01-01)
    An unusual iron was found in 1960 in Barbianello (northern Italy, Pavia municipality) by a farmer, Clemente Allini, ploughing his fields. Years later, the iron was recognized as a meteorite but not officially classified. Our investigations indicate that Barbianello is a unique nickel-rich ataxite with dark and light regions texturally similar to, but compositionally distinct from, Santa Catharina iron. The light regions are chemically homogeneous, have a Ni content of 27.1 wt%, and a composition similar to irons of group IAB-IIICD. The dark regions are inhomogeneous with Ni ranging from 40 to 58 wt% and oxygen up to 20 wt%. Relics of unoxidized metal and textural relationships indicate that, unlike Santa Catharina, the dark regions result from the oxidation of a metal compositionally distinct from that of light regions.
  • Petrography and mineral chemistry of the Reliegos chondrite

    Lozano, R. P.; Martin-Crespo, T. (The Meteoritical Society, 2004-01-01)
    The Reliegos meteorite is an L5 ordinary chondrite. The chondrules are embedded in a fine-grained matrix that predominantly consists of olivine and orthopyroxene, with accessory clinopyroxene, troilite, apatite, and a mesostasis of feldspar composition. The metal phase is predominantly kamacite with subordinate taenite and traces of native Cu. The bulk composition of Reliegos compares well with other L5 chondrites, except for a distinctly lower Cr content. A Cr-rich object has been identified, which shows a concentric mineral and chemical zoning and is composed mainly of chromite and plagioclase, with minor amounts of merrillite and Mg, V-rich ilmenite.
  • 2002 Best Student Paper in Planetary Sciences Award for Nicolas Dauphaus

    Ott, Ulrich (The Meteoritical Society, 2004-01-01)
  • Abstracts

    The Meteoritical Society, 2004-01-01
  • Spectacular fall of the Kendrapara H5 chondrite

    Dhingra, D.; Bhandari, N.; Shukla, P. N.; Murty, S. V. S.; Mahajan, R. R.; Ballabh, G. M.; Lashkari, G.; Shukla, A. D.; Parthasarathy, G. (The Meteoritical Society, 2004-01-01)
    An extremely bright fireball was seen for over 250 km near the eastern coast of India in the evening sky on September 27, 2003. In a rare observation, the fireball was seen by two airline pilots, providing direction of the trail with reasonable accuracy, consistent with ground-based observations. A few fragments of the meteorite were subsequently recovered along the end of the trail in different parts of Kendrapara district (20 degrees 30' N; 86 degrees 26' E) of Orissa. Based on petrography and chemical composition, the meteorite is classified as H5 chondrite. The cosmogenic radionuclides 54Mn, 22Na, 60Co, and 26Al and tracks have been studied in this stony meteorite. Two of the fragments show an unusually high activity of 60Co (~160 dpm/kg) indicating a meteoroid radius of 50-150 cm. Assuming that less than 10% (by weight) of the fragments could be recovered because of difficult terrain, an atmospheric mass ablation of >95% is estimated. Based on the observations of the trail and the estimated mass ablation, orbital parameters of the meteoroid have been calculated. The aphelion is found to lie in the asteroidal belt (1.8-2.4 AU), but the inclination of the orbit is large (22-26 degrees) with respect to the ecliptic. Noble gases have been analysed in two samples of this meteorite. He and Ne are dominantly cosmogenic. Using production rates based on the sample depth derived from 60Co content, 21Ne-based exposure age of 4.50 +/- 0.45 Ma is derived for Kendrapara. One of the samples, known to be more deeply shielded based on high 60Co activity, shows the presence of 80Kr, 82Kr, and 128Xe produced by (n, gamma) reaction on 79Br, 81Br, and 127I, respectively. The (80Kr/82Kr)n ratio of 3.5 +/- 0.9 is consistent with neutrons being mostly thermal. Trapped 84Kr and 132Xe are in the expected range for metamorphic grade H5.
  • 2004 Nier Prize for Scott R. Messenger

    Nittler, Larry R. (The Meteoritical Society, 2004-01-01)
  • 2004 Leonard Medal for Michael J. Drake

    McSween, Harry Y. (The Meteoritical Society, 2004-01-01)
  • The Bagnone iron meteorite (Tuscany, Italy): History, mineralogy, and chemical classification

    D'Orazio, M.; Folco, L.; Perchiazzi, N. (The Meteoritical Society, 2004-01-01)
    Bagnone, the largest Italian iron meteorite (48 kg), was found as a single mass at the beginning of the 20th century while ploughing a field close to the Bagnone Castle (Massa Carrara, northern Tuscany). The morphology of the external surface suggests that Bagnone represents a complete individual. It is classified as a medium octahedrite (average bandwidth = 0.96 mm) of the IIIAB chemical group, based on inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry analyses.