Meteoritics & Planetary Science is an international monthly journal of the Meteoritical Society—a scholarly organization promoting research and education in planetary science. Topics include the origin and history of the solar system, planets and natural satellites, interplanetary dust and interstellar medium, lunar samples, meteors and meteorites, asteroids, comets, craters, and tektites.

Meteoritics & Planetary Science was first published in 1935 under the title Contributions of the Society for Research on Meteorites. In 1947, the publication became known as Contributions of the Meteoritical Society and continued through 1951. From 1953 to 1995, the publication was known as Meteoritics, and in 1996, the journal's name was changed to Meteoritics & Planetary Science or MAPS. The journal was not published in 1952 and from 1957 to 1964.

This archive provides access to Meteoritics & Planetary Science Volumes 37-44 (2002-2009).

Visit Wiley Online Library for new and retrospective Meteoritics & Planetary Science content (1935-present).

ISSN: 1086-9379


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Recent Submissions

  • Petrography, mineralogy, and geochemistry of lunar meteorite Sayh al Uhaymir 300

    Hsu, Weibiao; Zhang, Aicheng; Bartoschewitz, Rainer; Guan, Yunbin; Ushikubo, Takayuki; Krähenbühl, Urs; Niedergesaess, Rainer; Pepelnik, Rudolf; Reus, Ulrich; Kurtz, Thomas; et al. (The Meteoritical Society, 2008-01-01)
    We report here the petrography, mineralogy, and geochemistry of lunar meteorite Sayh al Uhaymir 300 (SaU 300). SaU 300 is dominated by a fine-grained crystalline matrix surrounding mineral fragments (plagioclase, pyroxene, olivine, and ilmenite) and lithic clasts (mainly feldspathic to noritic). Mare basalt and KREEPy rocks are absent. Glass melt veins and impact melts are present, indicating that the rock has been subjected to a second impact event. FeNi metal and troilite grains were observed in the matrix. Major element concentrations of SaU 300 (Al2O3 21.6 wt% and FeO 8.16 wt%) are very similar to those of two basalt-bearing feldspathic regolith breccias: Calcalong Creek and Yamato (Y-) 983885. However, the rare earth element (REE) abundances and pattern of SaU 300 resemble the patterns of feldspathic highlands meteorites (e.g., Queen Alexandra Range (QUE) 93069 and Dar al Gani (DaG) 400), and the average lunar highlands crust. It has a relatively LREE-enriched (7 to 10 x CI) pattern with a positive Eu anomaly (~11 x CI). Values of Fe/Mn ratios of olivine, pyroxene, and the bulk sample are essentially consistent with a lunar origin. SaU 300 also contains high siderophile abundances with a chondritic Ni/Ir ratio. SaU 300 has experienced moderate terrestrial weathering as its bulk Sr concentration is elevated compared to other lunar meteorites and Apollo and Luna samples. Mineral chemistry and trace element abundances of SaU 300 fall within the ranges of lunar feldspathic meteorites and FAN rocks. SaU 300 is a feldspathic impact-melt breccia predominantly composed of feldspathic highlands rocks with a small amount of mafic component. With a bulk Mg of 0.67, it is the most mafic of the feldspathic meteorites and represents a lunar surface composition distinct from any other known lunar meteorites. On the basis of its low Th concentration (0.46 ppm) and its lack of KREEPy and mare basaltic components, the source region of SaU 300 could have been within a highland terrain, a great distance from the Imbrium impact basin, probably on the far side of the Moon.
  • Partial melting of H6 ordinary chondrite Kernouve: Constraints on the effects of reducing conditions on oxidized compositions

    Ford, Rena L.; Benedix, Gretchen K.; McCoy, Timothy J.; Rushmer, Tracy (The Meteoritical Society, 2008-01-01)
    Partial melting experiments at temperatures of 950-1300 degrees C were conducted on the H6 chondrite Kernouv under reducing conditions using CO-CO2 gas mixing and graphite-buffered sealed silica tubes to examine the effect of reducing conditions during melting of starting materials that are more oxidized relative to the oxygen fugacity conditions of the experiments. The experiments produced a range of mineralogical and compositional changes. Olivine exhibits significant reduction to compositions of Fa25 at temperatures of 1300 degrees C. In contrast, orthopyroxene exhibits only slight reduction until the highest temperatures. Chromite is sometimes consumed by intruding sulfides, and displays increasingly magnesian compositions ranging as low as Fe/Fe + Mg of 0.1 at a constant Cr/Cr + Al ratio. The compositional changes with increasing temperature reflect a complex set of reactions, including oxidation-reduction. One application of these experiments address whether primitive achondrites could have formed from ordinary chondrite-like precursors by partial melting under reducing conditions. While changes observed in olivine and troilite compositions might support such an idea, differences in oxygen isotopic composition, Cr/Cr + Al in chromite, orthopyroxene compositions, and thermodynamic evidence against reduction during melting of primitive achondrites (Benedix et al. 2005) firmly refute such an idea.
  • The Dhala structure, Bundelkhand craton, Central India--Eroded remnant of a large Paleoproterozoic impact structure

    Pati, Jayanta K.; Reimold, Wolf Uwe; Koeberl, Christian; Pati, Puniti (The Meteoritical Society, 2008-01-01)
    The newly discovered Dhala structure, Madhya Pradesh State, India, is the eroded remnant of an impact structure with an estimated present-day apparent diameter of about 11 km. It is located in the northwestern part of the Archean Bundelkhand craton. The pre-impact country rocks are predominantly granitoids of ~2.5 Ga age, with minor 2.0-2.15 Ga mafic intrusive rocks, and they are overlain by post-impact sediments of the presumably >1.7 Ga Vindhyan Supergroup. Thus, the age for this impact event is currently bracketed by these two sequences. The Dhala structure is asymmetrically disposed with respect to a central elevated area (CEA) of Vindhyan sediments. The CEA is surrounded by two prominent morphological rings comprising pre-Vindhyan arenaceousargillaceous and partially rudaceous metasediments and monomict granitoid breccia, respectively. There are also scattered outcrops of impact melt breccia exposed towards the inner edge of the monomict breccia zone, occurring over a nearly 6 km long trend and with a maximum outcrop width of ~170 m. Many lithic and mineral clasts within the melt breccia exhibit diagnostic shock metamorphic features, including multiple sets of planar deformation features (PDFs) in quartz and feldspar, ballen-textured quartz, occurrences of coesite, and feldspar with checkerboard texture. In addition, various thermal alteration textures have been found in clasts of initially superheated impact melt. The impact melt breccia also contains numerous fragments composed of partially devitrified impact melt that is mixed with unshocked as well as shock deformed quartz and feldspar clasts. The chemical compositions of the impact melt rock and the regionally occurring granitoids are similar. The Ir contents of various impact melt breccia samples are close to the detection limit (1-1.5 ppb) and do not provide evidence for the presence of a meteoritic component in the melt breccia. The presence of diagnostic shock features in mineral and lithic clasts in impact melt breccia confirm Dhala as an impact structure. At 11 km, Dhala is the largest impact structure currently known in the region between the Mediterranean and southeast Asia.
  • Noble gas content and isotope abundances in phases of the Saint-Aubin (UNGR) iron meteorite

    Nishimura, Chikako; Matsuda, Jun-Ichi; Kurat, Gero (The Meteoritical Society, 2008-01-01)
    We analyzed the noble gas isotopes in the Fe-Ni metal and inclusions of the Saint-Aubin iron meteorite, utilizing the stepwise heating technique to separate the various components of noble gases. The light noble gases in all samples are mostly cosmogenic, with some admixture from the terrestrial atmosphere. Total abundances of noble gases in metal are one of the lowest found so far in iron meteorites and the 4He/21Ne ratio is as high as 503, suggesting that the Saint-Aubin iron meteorite was derived from a very large meteoroid in space. The exposure ages obtained from cosmogenic 3He were 916 Ma. Saint-Aubin is very peculiar because it contains very large chromite crystals, whichlike the metalcontain only cosmogenic and atmospheric noble gases. The noble gases in all the samples do not reveal any primordial components. The only exception is the 1000 degrees C fraction of schreibersite which contained about 5% of the Xe-HL component. The Xe-Q and the El Taco Xe components were not found and only the Xe-HL is present in this fraction. Some presolar diamond, the only carrier for the HL component known today, must have been available during growth of the schreibersite. However, it is also possible that this excess is due to the addition of cosmogenic and fission components. In this case, all the primordial components are masked (or lost) by the later events such as cosmic-ray irradiation, heating, and radioactive decay.
  • The complex exposure histories of the Pitts and Horse Creek iron meteorites: Implications for meteorite delivery models

    Welten, K. C.; Nishiizumi, K.; Lavielle, B.; Caffee, M. W.; Hillegonds, D. J.; Finkel, R. C.; Kollar, D.; Masarik, J. (The Meteoritical Society, 2008-01-01)
    The concentrations of cosmogenic radionuclides and noble gases in Pitts (IAB) and Horse Creek (ungrouped) provide unambiguous evidence that both irons have a complex exposure history with a first-stage irradiation of 100-600 Myr under high shielding, followed by a second-stage exposure of ~1 Myr as small objects. The first-stage exposure ages of ~100 Myr for Horse Creek and ~600 Myr for Pitts are similar to cosmic-ray exposure ages of other iron meteorites, and most likely represent the Yarkovsky orbital drift times of irons from their parent bodies in the main asteroid belt to one of the nearby chaotic resonance zones. The short second-stage exposure ages indicate that collisional debris from recent impact events on their precursor objects was quickly delivered to Earth. The short delivery times suggests that the recent collision events occurred while the precursor objects of Horse Creek and Pitts were either very close to the chaotic resonance zones or already in Earthcrossing orbits. Since the cosmogenic noble gas records of Horse Creek and Pitts indicate a minimum radius of a few meters for the precursor objects, but do not exclude km-sized objects, we conclude that these irons may represent fragments of two near-Earth asteroids, 3103 Eger and 1986 DA, respectively. Finally, we used the cosmogenic nuclide concentrations in Horse Creek, which contains 2.5 wt% Si, to test current model calculations for the production of cosmogenic 10Be, 26Al, and neonisotopes from iron, nickel, and silicon.
  • Oxygen isotope anomalies of the Sun and the original environment of the solar system

    Lee, Jeong-Eun; Bergin, Edwin A.; Lyons, James R. (The Meteoritical Society, 2008-01-01)
    We present results from a model of oxygen isotopic anomaly production through selective photodissociation of CO within the collapsing proto-solar cloud. Our model produces a proto-Sun with a wide range of Delta-17O values depending on the intensity of the ultraviolet radiation field. Dramatically different results from two recent solar wind oxygen isotope measurements indicate that a variety of compositions remain possible for the solar oxygen isotope composition. However, constrained by other measurements from comets and meteorites, our models imply the birth of the Sun in a stellar cluster with an enhanced radiation field and are therefore consistent with a supernova source for 60Fe in meteorites.
  • Crystallization experiments of intercumulus melts for nakhlites under QFM +/- 2 at 1 bar

    Imae, Naoya; Ikeda, Yukio (The Meteoritical Society, 2008-01-01)
    Crystallization of parent melts for nakhlites was experimentally studied under QFM +/- 2 at one bar. Isothermal experiments suggest that melts having parent magma composition for nakhlites crystallize both augites and titanomagnetites at liquidus temperatures of 1144-1154 degrees C. Compositions of the augites are identical to those of phenocrystic core augites (En36-38Fs22-25Wo39-40) in nakhlites. No olivines crystallize from the isothermal runs, and solidus temperature is about 1000 degrees C. Linear-cooling experiments were carried out at various cooling rates (1-17 degrees C/h) ranging from liquidus to solidus temperatures under similar pressure conditions to the isothermal runs. Augites, titanomagnetites, and fayalites crystallized in the cooling runs, but magnesian olivines never crystallized there. Magnesian core augite in the cooling runs has the same composition as those of nakhlites. Rims of augite crystals from the cooling runs of 1-4 degrees C/h consist of two layers, ferroan augite inner rim and hedenbergite outer rim, which are very similar to those in the Miller Range (MIL) 03346 nakhlite. Small amounts of pyroxferroite crystallized in mesostasis and augite rims from two cooling runs. Titanomagnetites from cooling runs never accompany ilmenite lamellae as seen in nakhlites, suggesting that the subsolidus cooling rate of the cooling runs was much more rapid than those of nakhlite intercumulus melts. The cooling experiments reproduce the crystallization processes of pyroxenes and the compositional change of residual melt for a rapidly cooled magma such as MIL 03346.
  • Stardust in Antarctic micrometeorites

    Yada, Toru; Floss, Christine; Stadermann, Frank J.; Zinner, Ernst; Nakamura, Tomoki; Noguchi, Takaaki; Lea, A. Scott (The Meteoritical Society, 2008-01-01)
    We report the discovery of presolar silicate, oxide (hibonite), and (possibly) SiC grains in four Antarctic micrometeorites (AMMs). The oxygen isotopic compositions of the eighteen presolar silicate (and one oxide) grains found are similar those observed previously in primitive meteorites and interplanetary dust particles, and indicate origins in oxygen-rich red giant or asymptotic giant branch stars, or in supernovae. Four grains with anomalous degrees C isotopic compositions were also detected. 12C/13C as well as Si ratios are similar to those of mainstream SiC grains; the N isotopic composition of one grain is also consistent with a mainstream SiC classification. Presolar silicate grains were found in three of the seven AMMs studied, and are heterogeneously distributed within these micrometeorites. Fourteen of the 18 presolar silicate grains and 3 of the 4 C-anomalous grains were found within one AMM, T98G8. Presolar silicate-bearing micrometeorites contain crystalline silicates that give sharp X-ray diffractions and do not contain magnesiowstite, which forms mainly through the decomposition of phyllosilicates and carbonates. The occurrence of this mineral in AMMs without presolar silicates suggests that secondary parent body processes probably determine the presence or absence of presolar silicates in Antarctic micrometeorites.
  • Valence state partitioning of V between pyroxene-melt: Effects of pyroxene and melt composition, and direct determination of V valence states by XANES. Application to Martian basalt QUE 94201 composition

    Karner, J. M.; Papike, J. J.; Sutton, S. R.; Shearer, C. K.; Burger, P.; McKay, G.; Le, L. (The Meteoritical Society, 2008-01-01)
    Experiments on a Martian basalt composition show that DV augite/melt is greater than DV pigeonite/melt in samples equilibrated under the same fO2 conditions. This increase is due to the increased availability of elements for coupled substitution with the V3+ or V4+ ions, namely Al and Na. For this bulk composition, both Al and Na are higher in concentration in augite compared with pigeonite; therefore more V can enter augite than pigeonite. Direct valence state determination by XANES shows that the V3+ and V4+ are the main V species in the melt at fO2 conditions of IW-1 to IW+3.5, whereas pyroxene grains at IW-1, IW, and IW+1 contain mostly V3+. This confirms the idea that V3+ is more compatible in pyroxene than V4+. The XANES data also indicates that a small percentage of V2+ may exist in melt and pyroxene at IW-1. The similar valence of V in glass and pyroxene at IW-1 suggests that V2+ and V3+ may have similar compatibilities in pyroxene.
  • Ulasitai: A new iron meteorite likely paired with Armanty (IIIE)

    Xu, Lin; Miao, Bingkui; Lin, Yangting; Ouyang, Ziyuan (The Meteoritical Society, 2008-01-01)
    The Ulasitai iron was recently found about 130 km southeast to the find site of the Armanty (Xinjiang, IIIE) meteorite. It is a coarse octahedrite with a kamacite bandwidth of 1.2 +/- 0.2 (0.9-1.8) mm. Plessite is abundant, as is taenite, kamacite, cohenite, and schreibersite with various microstructures. Schreibersite is Ni-rich (30.5-55.5 wt%) in plessite or coexisting with troilite and daubreelite, in comparison with the coarse laths (20.621.2 wt%) between the Widmanstätten pattern plates. The correlation between the center Ni content and the half bandwidth of taenite suggest a cooling rate of ~20 degrees C/Myr based on simulations. The petrography and mineral chemistry of Ulasitai are similar to Armanty. The bulk samples of Ulasitai were measured, together with Armanty, Nandan (IIICD), and Mundrabilla (IIICD), by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES) and mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The results agree with literature data of the same meteorites, and our analyses of four samples of Armanty (L1, L12, L16, L17) confirm a homogeneous composition (Wasson et al. 1988). The bulk composition of Ulasitai is identical to that of Armanty, both plotting within the IIIE field. We classify Ulasitai as a new IIIE iron and suggest that it pairs with Armanty.