• J. R. R. Tolkien and the 1954 nomination of E. M. Forster for the Nobel Prize in Literature

      Wise, Dennis Wilson; Univ Arizona (MYTHOPOEIC SOCIETY, 2017)
      According to Dimitra Fimi, although some of Tolkien's romanticism remained "in the new idea of a 'proto-prehistoric' united Europe fighting against Sauron," such as we see in The Lord of the Rings, that kind of romanticism differs greatly from "the aggressive nationalism of The Book of Lost Tales" (130). Because of Fielding's perfect (and unusual) freedom to follow his conscience, he is liberal humanism's perfect representative. [...] despite clear intellectual differences, Tolkien's nomination of Forster may have rested on the sense of understanding he felt toward Forsterian morality as articulated in the novels. [...] the announcement for the creation of the Chair for Medieval and Renaissance English came in the same month as Nobel nominations were due.
    • J1342+0928 supports the timeline in the = cosmology

      Melia, Fulvio; Univ Arizona, Dept Phys, Appl Math Program; Univ Arizona, Dept Astron (EDP SCIENCES S A, 2018-07-24)
      Aims. The discovery of quasar J1342+0928 (z = 7.54) reinforces the time compression problem associated with the premature formation of structure in A cold dark matter (ACDM). Adopting the Planck parameters, we see this quasar barely 690 Myr after the big bang, no more than several hundred Myr after the transition from Pop III to Pop II star formation. Yet conventional astrophysics would tell us that a 10 M-circle dot seed, created by a Pop II/III supernova, should have taken at least 820 Myr to grow via Eddington-limited accretion. This failure by ACDM constitutes one of its most serious challenges, requiring exotic "fixes", such as anomalously high accretion rates, or the creation of enormously massive (similar to 10(5) M-circle dot) seeds, neither of which is ever seen in the local Universe, or anywhere else for that matter. Indeed, to emphasize this point, J1342+0928 is seen to be accreting at about the Eddington rate, negating any attempt at explaining its unusually high mass due to such exotic means. In this paper, we aim to demonstrate that the discovery of this quasar instead strongly confirms the cosmological timeline predicted by the R-h = Ct Universe. Methods. We assume conventional Eddington-limited accretion and the time versus redshift relation in this model to calculate when a seed needed to start growing as a function of its mass in order to reach the observed mass of J1342+0928 at z = 7.54. Results. Contrary to the tension created in the standard model by the appearance of this massive quasar so early in its history, we find that in the R-h = Ct cosmology, a 10 M-circle dot seed at z similar to 15 (the start of the Epoch of Reionization at t similar to 878 Myr) would have easily grown into an 8 x 10(8) M-circle dot black hole at z = 7.54 (t similar to 1.65 Gyr) via conventional Eddington-limited accretion.
    • J1342+0928 supports the timeline in the R-h = ct cosmology

      Melia, Fulvio; Univ Arizona, Dept Phys, Appl Math Program; Univ Arizona, Dept Astron (EDP SCIENCES S A, 2018-07-24)
      Aims. The discovery of quasar J1342+0928 (z = 7.54) reinforces the time compression problem associated with the premature formation of structure in A cold dark matter (ACDM). Adopting the Planck parameters, we see this quasar barely 690 Myr after the big bang, no more than several hundred Myr after the transition from Pop III to Pop II star formation. Yet conventional astrophysics would tell us that a 10 M-circle dot seed, created by a Pop II/III supernova, should have taken at least 820 Myr to grow via Eddington-limited accretion. This failure by ACDM constitutes one of its most serious challenges, requiring exotic "fixes", such as anomalously high accretion rates, or the creation of enormously massive (similar to 10(5) M-circle dot) seeds, neither of which is ever seen in the local Universe, or anywhere else for that matter. Indeed, to emphasize this point, J1342+0928 is seen to be accreting at about the Eddington rate, negating any attempt at explaining its unusually high mass due to such exotic means. In this paper, we aim to demonstrate that the discovery of this quasar instead strongly confirms the cosmological timeline predicted by the R-h = Ct Universe. Methods. We assume conventional Eddington-limited accretion and the time versus redshift relation in this model to calculate when a seed needed to start growing as a function of its mass in order to reach the observed mass of J1342+0928 at z = 7.54. Results. Contrary to the tension created in the standard model by the appearance of this massive quasar so early in its history, we find that in the R-h = Ct cosmology, a 10 M-circle dot seed at z similar to 15 (the start of the Epoch of Reionization at t similar to 878 Myr) would have easily grown into an 8 x 10(8) M-circle dot black hole at z = 7.54 (t similar to 1.65 Gyr) via conventional Eddington-limited accretion.
    • The Jazziness of Local Food Practice Work: Organization-Level Ingenuity and the Entrepreneurial Formation and Evolution of Local Food Systems

      Mars, Matthew M.; Schau, Hope Jensen; Univ Arizona, Dept Agr Leadership & Innovat; Univ Arizona, Dept Mkt (WILEY, 2019-06)
      Local food systems (LFSs) are complex and diverse social structures. The processes that influence the formation and evolution of LFSs are obscure, relatively uncoordinated, and somewhat mysterious. This study develops a stronger understanding of such processes through a qualitative exploration of the influence of routine practice work at the organization level on the entrepreneurial development of two distinct LFSs in the Southwest region of the United States: southeastern Arizona and Albuquerque-Santa Fe. We gathered data between August 2014 and September 2017 through semistructured interviews with and direct observations of 53 local food practitioners operating in one of the two LFSs. Theoretical principles of institutional entrepreneurship, embedded agency, and practice work guided the study. The findings reveal three forms of ingenuity (technological, organizational, policy) that regularly emerge through the day-to-day organization-level work of local food practitioners. We argue that the system-level influence of these forms, whether intentional or not, are indicators of the embedded agency of the practitioners and their capacities to serve as institutional entrepreneurs. We discuss implications for both practice and future research.
    • Jens Walther’s Abstieg vom Zauberberg (1997): A Literary Reflection on the World of Publishing in the Postmodern World

      Classen, Albrecht; Univ Arizona, Dept German Studies (SPRINGER, 2020-03)
      The world of book publishing is currently undergoing a major paradigm shift, but this was already fully under way in the 1990s. In the German novel Abstieg vom Zauberberg, published in 1997 by an anonymous author under the pseudonym Jens Walther, we are given an excellent insider view of the concrete situation within literary publishing houses and how they operate behind the scene and in public to secure the best possible titles and to fend off manuscripts that appear to be trivial literature. The author proves to be highly educated in the history of German and western literature at large and also demonstrates great expertise regarding book fairs, book reviews, and book prizes, framing all this by a somewhat twisted love story involving a young author, Anna Becker, and two men, first the young Johannes Rieger, then his father Helmut Rieger, both representing the fictional publishing house Engsfeld.
    • JNK2 regulates vascular remodeling in pulmonary hypertension

      Das, Mita; Zawada, W. Michael; West, James; Stenmark, Kurt R.; Univ Arizona, Coll Med Phoenix, Dept Internal Med (SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC, 2018-07-03)
      Pulmonary arterial (PA) wall modifications are key pathological features of pulmonary hypertension (PH). Although such abnormalities correlate with heightened phosphorylation of c-Jun N-terminal kinases 1/2 (JNK1/2) in a rat model of PH, the contribution of specific JNK isoforms to the pathophysiology of PH is unknown. Hence, we hypothesized that activation of either one, or both JNK isoforms regulates PA remodeling in PH. We detected increased JNK1/2 phosphorylation in the thickened vessels of PH patients' lungs compared to that in lungs of healthy individuals. JNK1/2 phosphorylation paralleled a marked reduction in MAP kinase phosphatase 1 JNK dephosphorylator) expression in patients' lungs. Association of JNK1/2 activation with vascular modification was confirmed in the calf model of severe hypoxia-induced PH. To ascertain the role of each JNK isoform in pathophysiology of PH, wild-type (WT), JNK1 null (JKN1(-/-)), and JNK2 null (JNK2(-/)(-)) mice were exposed to chronic hypoxia (10% O-2 for six weeks) to develop PH. In hypoxic WT lungs, an increase in JNK1/2 phosphorylation was associated with PH-like pathology. Hallmarks of PH pathophysiology, i.e. excessive accumulation of extracellular matrix and vessel muscularization with medial wall thickening, was also detected in hypoxic JNK1(-/-) lungs, but not in hypoxia-exposed JNK2(-/-) lungs. However, hypoxia-induced increases in right ventricular systolic pressure (RVSP) and in right ventricular hypertrophy (RVH) were similar in all three genotypes. Our findings suggest that JNK2 participates in PA remodeling (but likely not in vasoconstriction) in murine hypoxic PH and that modulating JNK2 actions might quell vascular abnormalities and limit the course of PH.
    • Joint analysis of galaxy-galaxy lensing and galaxy clustering: Methodology and forecasts for Dark Energy Survey

      Park, Y.; Krause, E.; Dodelson, S.; Jain, B.; Amara, A.; Becker, M. R.; Bridle, S. L.; Clampitt, J.; Crocce, M.; Fosalba, P.; et al. (AMER PHYSICAL SOC, 2016-09-30)
      The joint analysis of galaxy-galaxy lensing and galaxy clustering is a promising method for inferring the growth function of large-scale structure. Anticipating a near future application of this analysis to Dark Energy Survey (DES) measurements of galaxy positions and shapes, we develop a practical approach to modeling the assumptions and systematic effects affecting the joint analysis of small-scale galaxy-galaxy lensing and large-scale galaxy clustering. Introducing parameters that characterize the halo occupation distribution (HOD), photometric redshift uncertainties, and shear measurement errors, we study how external priors on different subsets of these parameters affect our growth constraints. Degeneracies within the HOD model, as well as between the HOD and the growth function, are identified as the dominant source of complication, with other systematic effects being subdominant. The impact of HOD parameters and their degeneracies necessitate the detailed joint modeling of the galaxy sample that we employ. We conclude that DES data will provide powerful constraints on the evolution of structure growth in the Universe, conservatively/optimistically constraining the growth function to 7.9%/4.8% with its first-year data that cover over 1000 square degrees, and to 3.9%/2.3% with its full five-year data that will survey 5000 square degrees, including both statistical and systematic uncertainties.
    • A joint chance-constrained programming approach for the single-item capacitated lot-sizing problem with stochastic demand

      Gicquel, Céline; Cheng, Jianqiang; Univ Arizona, Dept Syst & Ind Engn (SPRINGER, 2018-05)
      We study the single-item single-resource capacitated lot-sizing problem with stochastic demand. We propose to formulate this stochastic optimization problem as a joint chance-constrained program in which the probability that an inventory shortage occurs during the planning horizon is limited to a maximum acceptable risk level. We investigate the development of a new approximate solution method which can be seen as an extension of the previously published sample approximation approach. The proposed method relies on a Monte Carlo sampling of the random variables representing the demand in all planning periods except the first one. Provided there is no dependence between the demand in the first period and the demand in the later periods, this partial sampling results in the formulation of a chance-constrained program featuring a series of joint chance constraints. Each of these constraints involves a single random variable and defines a feasible set for which a conservative convex approximation can be quite easily built. Contrary to the sample approximation approach, the partial sample approximation leads to the formulation of a deterministic mixed-integer linear problem having the same number of binary variables as the original stochastic problem. Our computational results show that the proposed method is more efficient at finding feasible solutions of the original stochastic problem than the sample approximation method and that these solutions are less costly than the ones provided by the Bonferroni conservative approximation. Moreover, the computation time is significantly shorter than the one needed for the sample approximation method.
    • Joint effects of citrus peel use and black tea intake on the risk of squamous cell carcinoma of the skin

      Hakim, Iman; Harris, Robin; University of Arizona College of Public Health and the Arizona Cancer Center, 1515 N Campbell Ave, Tucson, AZ 85724, USA (BioMed Central, 2001)
      BACKGROUND:Differences in tea drinking habits and/or citrus peel use are likely to vary by populations and could contribute to the inconsistencies found between studies comparing their consumption and cancer risk.METHODS:A population-based case-control study was used to evaluate the relationships between citrus peel use and black tea intake and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the skin. Moreover, we assessed the independent and interactive effects of citrus peel and black tea in the development of SCC.RESULTS:Hot and iced teas were consumed by 30.7% and 51.8% of the subjects, respectively. Peel consumption was reported by 34.5% of subjects. Controls were more likely than were cases to report citrus peel use (odds ratio (OR) = 0.67) and hot tea intake (OR = 0.79). After adjustment for hot and iced tea intake, the ORs associated with citrus peel use were 0.55 and 0.69, respectively, whereas the corresponding adjusted ORs for hot and iced tea intake after adjustment for citrus peel use were 0.87 and 1.22 respectively. Compared with those who did not consume hot black tea or citrus peel, the adjusted ORs associated with sole consumption of hot black tea or citrus peel were 0.60 and 0.30, respectively. Subjects who reported consumption of both hot black tea and citrus peel had a significant marked decrease (OR= 0.22
    • Joint Probabilistic-Nyquist Pulse Shaping for an LDPC-Coded 8-PAM Signal in DWDM Data Center Communications

      Han, Xiao; Yang, Mingwei; Djordjevic, Ivan B; Yue, Yang; Wang, Qiang; Qu, Zhen; Anderson, Jon; Univ Arizona, ECE Dept (MDPI, 2019-11-20)
      M-ary pulse-amplitude modulation (PAM) meets the requirements of data center communication because of its simplicity, but coarse entropy granularity cannot meet the dynamic bandwidth demands, and there is a large capacity gap between uniform formats and the Shannon limit. The dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM) system is widely used to increase the channel capacity, but low spectral efficiency of the intensity modulation/direct detection (IM/DD) solution restricts the throughput of the modern DWDM data center networks. Probabilistic shaping distribution is a good candidate to offer us a fine entropy granularity and efficiently reduce the gap to the Shannon limit, and Nyquist pulse shaping is widely used to increase the spectral efficiency. We aim toward the joint usage of probabilistic shaping and Nyquist pulse shaping with low-density parity-check (LDPC) coding to improve the bit error rate (BER) performance of 8-PAM signal transmission. We optimized the code rate of the LDPC code and compared different Nyquist pulse shaping parameters using simulations and experiments. We achieved a 0.43 dB gain using Nyquist pulse shaping, and a 1.1 dB gain using probabilistic shaping, while the joint use of probabilistic shaping and Nyquist pulse shaping achieved a 1.27 dB gain, which offers an excellent improvement without upgrading the transceivers.
    • Joint Strong and Weak Lensing Analysis of the Massive Cluster Field J0850+3604

      Wong, Kenneth C.; Raney, Catie; Keeton, Charles R.; Umetsu, K.; Zabludoff, Ann; Ammons, S. Mark; French, K. Decker; Univ Arizona, Steward Observ (IOP PUBLISHING LTD, 2017-07-31)
      We present a combined strong and weak lensing analysis of the J085007.6+360428 (J0850) field, which contains the massive cluster Zwicky 1953. This field was selected for its high projected concentration of luminous red galaxies. Using Subaru/Suprime-Cam BVR(c)I(c)i'z' imaging and MMT/Hectospec spectroscopy, we first perform a weak lensing shear analysis to constrain the mass distribution in this field, including the cluster at z = 0.3774 and a smaller foreground halo at z = 0.2713. We then add a strong lensing constraint from a multiply imaged galaxy in the imaging data with a photometric redshift of z approximate to 5.03. Unlike previous cluster-scale lens analyses, our technique accounts for the full three-dimensional mass structure in the beam, including galaxies along the line of sight. In contrast with past cluster analyses that used only lensed image positions as constraints, we use the full surface brightness distribution of the images. This method predicts that the source galaxy crosses a lensing caustic, such that one image is a highly magnified "fold arc" that could be used to probe the source galaxy's structure at ultra-high spatial resolution (< 30 pc). We calculate the mass of the primary cluster to be M-vir = 2.93(-0.65)(+0.71) x 10(15) M-circle dot. with a concentration of C-vir = 3.46(-0.59)(+0.70), consistent with the mass-concentration relation of massive clusters at a similar redshift. The large mass of this cluster makes J0850 an excellent field for leveraging lensing magnification to search for high-redshift galaxies, competitive with and complementary to that of well-studied clusters such as the HST Frontier Fields.
    • Jordan’s Accession to the WTO: Retrospective and Prospective

      Malkawi, Bashar; Univ Arizona, James E Rogers Coll Law (The Estey Centre, 2010)
      Jordan acceded to the WTO in 1999. In its accession Jordan agreed, for example, to reduce tariffs on imported products and open its services market; it also modified its intellectual property regime. Jordan enjoyed special and differential treatment in few areas and was not able to designate olive oil as a good eligible for special safeguards. The WTO agreements required fundamental changes in the domestic laws and regulations of Jordan. The article concludes by arguing that Jordan’s accession to the WTO was a lengthy and costly process. Jordan agreed to an arduous package of legal and economic reforms. Given that Jordan agreed to greater commitments compared to the obligations of the original WTO members, the multilateral trading system witnessed an accession saga.
    • Joseph Petzval lens design approach

      Sasián, José; Univ Arizona, Coll Opt Sci (SPIE-INT SOC OPTICAL ENGINEERING, 2017-11-27)
      We pose that there is enough information left to reconstruct Petzval lens design approach, and answer the question of how Joseph Petzval design his famous portrait objective.
    • JPH2 Mutant Gene Causes Familial Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy : A Possible Model to Unravel the Subtlety of Calcium-Regulated Contractility

      Roberts, Robert; University of Arizona College of Medicine–Phoenix, Phoenix, Arizona (Elsevier, 2017-02)
    • Just the Two of Us? A Family of Pseudomonas Megaplasmids Offers a Rare Glimpse into the Evolution of Large Mobile Elements

      Smith, Brian A; Leligdon, Courtney; Baltrus, David A; Univ Arizona, Sch Plant Sci; Univ Arizona, Sch Anim & Comparat Biomed Sci (OXFORD UNIV PRESS, 2019-03-27)
      Pseudomonads are ubiquitous group of environmental proteobacteria, well known for their roles in biogeochemical cycling, in the breakdown of xenobiotic materials, as plant growth promoters, and as pathogens of a variety of host organisms. We have previously identified a large megaplasmid present within one isolate of the plant pathogen Pseudomonas syringae, and here we report that a second member of this megaplasmid family is found within an environmental Pseudomonad isolate most closely related to Pseudomonas putida. Many of the shared genes are involved in critical cellular processes like replication, transcription, translation, and DNA repair. We argue that presence of these shared pathways sheds new light on discussions about the types of genes that undergo horizontal gene transfer (i.e., the complexity hypothesis) as well as the evolution of pangenomes. Furthermore, although both megaplasmids display a high level of synteny, genes that are shared differ by over 50% on average at the amino acid level. This combination of conservation in gene order despite divergence in gene sequence suggests that this Pseudomonad megaplasmid family is relatively old, that gene order is under strong selection within this family, and that there are likely many more members of this megaplasmid family waiting to be found in nature.
    • Just-in-Time or Just-in-Case? Time, Learning Analytics, and the Academic Library

      Nicholson, Karen; Pagowsky, Nicole; Seale, Maura; University of Arizona Libraries (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2019-10-28)
      In this essay, we explore the timescapes of library learning analytics. We contend that just-in-time strategies, a feature of late capital modes of production, New Public Management, and future-oriented risk management strategies inform the adoption of learning analytics. Learning analytics function as a form of temporal governmentality: current performance is scrutinized in order to anticipate future performance and prescribe just-in-time interventions to mitigate risk—not only for the student but also for the institution. Ultimately, we argue that using time as a lens to examine discourses surrounding library learning analytics reveals the temporalities reproduced in this discourse, which obscures questions of power, politics, and history. In describing what the future is, rather than what it could or should be, this discourse erases our ability to shape our futures, and our responsibility for so doing.
    • Justice as Lawfulness

      ROGERS, TRISTAN J.; Univ Arizona (CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS, 2018-11-27)
      What is the relationship between justice as an individual virtue and justice as an institutional virtue ? The latter has been exhaustively explored by political philosophers, whereas the former remains underexplored in the literature on virtue ethics. This article defends the view that individual justice is logically prior to institutional justice, and argues that this view requires a conception of individual justice I call 'justice as lawfulness'. The resulting view consists of three claims. First, just institutions are composed of the relations between just persons. Second, the just person has a disposition to act in accordance with the legal and social norms (collectively, the nomoi) of the existing political tradition. Third, departures from the nomoi require that the just person act with practical wisdom to reform the nomoi according to an implicit standard of justice in the political tradition.
    • A juvenile–adult population model: climate change, cannibalism, reproductive synchrony, and strong Allee effects

      Veprauskas, Amy; Cushing, J. M.; Univ Arizona, Interdisciplinary Program Appl Math; Univ Arizona, Dept Math (TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD, 2016-02-03)
      We study a discrete time, structured population dynamic model that is motivated by recent field observations concerning certain life history strategies of colonial- nesting gulls, specifically the glaucouswinged gull ( Larus glaucescens). The model focuses on mechanisms hypothesized to play key roles in a population's response to degraded environment resources, namely, increased cannibalism and adjustments in reproductive timing. We explore the dynamic consequences of these mechanics using a juvenile- adult structure model. Mathematically, the model is unusual in that it involves a high co- dimension bifurcation at R0 = 1 which, in turn, leads to a dynamic dichotomy between equilibrium states and synchronized oscillatory states. We give diagnostic criteria that determine which dynamic is stable. We also explore strong Allee effects caused by positive feedback mechanisms in the model and the possible consequence that a cannibalistic population can survive when a non- cannibalistic population cannot.
    • The JWST Extragalactic Mock Catalog: Modeling Galaxy Populations from the UV through the Near-IR over 13 Billion Years of Cosmic History

      Williams, Christina C.; Curtis-Lake, Emma; Hainline, Kevin N.; Chevallard, Jacopo; Robertson, Brant E.; Charlot, Stephane; Endsley, Ryan; Stark, Daniel P.; Willmer, Christopher N. A.; Alberts, Stacey; et al. (IOP PUBLISHING LTD, 2018-06)
      We present an original phenomenological model to describe the evolution of galaxy number counts, morphologies, and spectral energy distributions across a wide range of redshifts (0.2 < z < 15) and stellar masses [log(M/M-circle dot) >= 6]. Our model follows observed mass and luminosity functions of both star-forming and quiescent galaxies, and reproduces the redshift evolution of colors, sizes, star formation, and chemical properties of the observed galaxy population. Unlike other existing approaches, our model includes a self-consistent treatment of stellar and photoionized gas emission and dust attenuation based on the BEAGLE tool. The mock galaxy catalogs generated with our new model can be used to simulate and optimize extragalactic surveys with future facilities such as the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST), and to enable critical assessments of analysis procedures, interpretation tools, and measurement systematics for both photometric and spectroscopic data. As a first application of this work, we make predictions for the upcoming JWST Advanced Deep Extragalactic Survey (JADES), a joint program of the JWST/NIRCam and NIRSpec Guaranteed Time Observations teams. We show that JADES will detect, with NIRCam imaging, 1000s of galaxies at z greater than or similar to 6, and 10s at z greater than or similar to 10 at m(AB) less than or similar to 30 (5 sigma) within the 236 arcmin(2) of the survey. The JADES data will enable accurate constraints on the evolution of the UV luminosity function at z > 8, and resolve the current debate about the rate of evolution of galaxies at z greater than or similar to 8. Readyto- use mock catalogs and software to generate new realizations are publicly available as the JAdes extraGalactic Ultradeep Artificial Realizations (JAGUAR) package.
    • JWST science instrument pupil alignment measurements

      Kubalak, Dave; Sullivan, Joe; Ohl, Ray; Antonille, Scott; Beaton, Alexander; Coulter, Phillip; Hartig, George; Kelly, Doug; Lee, David; Maszkiewicz, Michael; et al. (SPIE-INT SOC OPTICAL ENGINEERING, 2016-09-27)
      NASA's James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) is a 6.5m diameter, segmented, deployable telescope for cryogenic IR space astronomy (similar to 40K). The JWST Observatory architecture includes the Optical Telescope Element (OTE) and the Integrated Science Instrument Module (ISIM) element that contains four science instruments (SI), including a guider. OSIM is a full field, cryogenic, optical simulator of the JWST OTE. It is the "Master Tool" for verifying the cryogenic alignment and optical performance of ISIM by providing simulated point source/star images to each of the four Science Instruments in ISIM. Included in OSIM is a Pupil Imaging Module (PIM) - a large format CCD used for measuring pupil alignment. Located at a virtual stop location within OSIM, the PIM records superimposed shadow images of pupil alignment reference (PAR) targets located in the OSIM and SI pupils. The OSIM Pupil Imaging Module was described by Brent Bos, et al, at SPIE in 2011 prior to ISIM testing. We have recently completed the third and final ISIM cryogenic performance verification test before ISIM was integrated with the OTE. In this paper, we describe PIM implementation, performance, and measurement results.